IRCMS International Research Center for Medical Sciences

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IRCMS Seminars

22nd IRCMS Seminar

March 21 2017

We would like to inform you that the 22nd IRCMS Seminar has been scheduled as below.
We would be pleased to see many of you participating in the seminar.

Date:   March 22, 2017 (Wed)
Time:   11:00 - 12:00
Venue:  2F Seminar Room, Center for AIDS Research (CAIDS)

Dr. Paul Horton

Prime Senior Researcher
National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Japan

 "Hallmarks of slow translation initiation revealed in mitochondrially localizing mRNA sequences"

The mRNA of some, but not all, nuclear encoded mitochondrial proteins localize to the periphery of mitochondria. Previous studies on yeast and mammalian cells have shown that both the nascent polypeptide chain and an mRNA binding protein play a role in this phenomenon, and have noted a positive correlation between mRNA length and mitochondrial localization. Here, we report the first investigation into the relationship between mRNA translation initiation rate and mRNA mitochondrial localization. Our results indicate that translation initiation promoting factors such as Kozak sequences are associated with cytosolic localization, while inhibiting factors such as 5' UTR secondary structure correlate with mitochondrial localization. Moreover, the frequencies of nucleotides in various positions of the 5' UTR show higher correlation with localization than the 3' UTR. These results suggest that rapid translation initiation may prevent mRNA mitochondrial localization. Interestingly this may explain why short mRNAs, which are thought to initiate translation rapidly, seldom localize to mitochondria. Therefore we propose a model in which translating mRNA has reduced mobility and tends not to reach the mitochondria. Finally, we explore this model with a simulation of mRNA diffusion using previously estimated translation initiation probabilities and confirmed that our model produces localization values similar to those measured in experimental studies.