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Fate Distribution and Regulatory Role of Human Mesenchymal Stromal Cells in Engineered Hematopoietic Bone Organs

September 3 2019

Hitoshi Takizawa



Paper information

Paul E. Bourgine, Kristin Fritsch, Sebastien Pigeot, Hitoshi Takizawa, Leo Kunz, Konstantinos D. Kokkaliaris, Daniel L. Coutu, Markus G. Manz*, Ivan Martin*, and Timm Schroeder* (*:Corresponding authors)

Fate Distribution and Regulatory Role of Human Mesenchymal Stromal Cells in Engineered Hematopoietic Bone Organs

iScience. 2019 Aug 7;19:504-513. doi: 10.1016/j.isci.2019.08.006. [Epub ahead of print]

 

Highlights

  • Mesenchymal cells can generate human bone organs with tailored molecular signature
  • Mesenchymal cells reconstitute a human niche environment capable of regulating HSPCs

 

Abstract

The generation of humanized ectopic ossicles (hOss) in mice has been proposed as an advanced translational and fundamental model to study the human hematopoietic system. The approach relies on the presence of human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (hMSCs) supporting the engraftment of transplanted human hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs). However, the functional distribution of hMSCs within the humanized microenvironment remains to be investigated. Here, we combined genetic tools and quantitative confocal microscopy to engineer and subsequently analyze hMSCs' fate and distribution in hOss. Implanted hMSCs reconstituted a humanized environment including osteocytes, osteoblasts, adipocytes, and stromal cells associated with vessels. By imaging full hOss, we identified rare physical interactions between hMSCs and human CD45+/CD34+/CD90+ cells, supporting a functional contact-triggered regulatory role of hMSCs. Our study highlights the importance of compiling quantitative information from humanized organs, to decode the interactions between the hematopoietic and the stromal compartments.
Bourgine PE iScience2019.jpg