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Prolonged maintenance of hematopoietic stem cells that escape from Thrombopoietin deprivation

April 6 2021

Lab: Toshio Suda

Paper information

Ayako Nakamura-Ishizu, Desmond Chin, Takayoshi Matsumura, Darren Qiancheng Tan, Makiko Kashio Mochizuki, Deng Jianwen, Toshio Suda.

Title
Prolonged maintenance of hematopoietic stem cells that escape from Thrombopoietin deprivation

Blood 2021; blood.2020005517.
doi: https://doi.org/10.1182/blood.2020005517

Key Points

  • A subgroup of HSCs which escape from Thpo deprivation gains quiescence and retains stem cell potential with a high dose of Romiplostim.
  • Liver specific Thpo deficient mice exhibit residual HSC stem cell potential suggesting the extra-hepatic Thpo production for hematopoiesis.


Abstract

 Hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) rarely divide, rest in quiescence and proliferate only upon stress hematopoiesis. The cytokine thrombopoietin (Thpo) has been perplexingly described to induce quiescence and promote self-renewal divisions in HSCs. In order to clarify the contradictory effect of Thpo, we conducted a detailed analysis on conventional (Thpo-/-) and liver-specific (Thpofl/fl;AlbCre+/-) Thpo deletion models. Thpo-/- HSCs exhibited profound loss of quiescence, impaired cell cycle progression and increased apoptosis. Thpo-/- HSCs also exhibited diminished mitochondrial mass and impaired mitochondrial bioenergetics. Abnormal HSC phenotypes in Thpo-/- mice were reversible after HSC transplantation into wild type recipients. Moreover, Thpo-/- HSCs acquired quiescence with extended administration of a Thpo-receptor agonist, Romiplostim, and were prone to subsequent stem cell exhaustion during competitive bone marrow (BM) transplantation. Thpofl/fl;AlbCre+/- HSCs exhibited similar stem cell phenotypes but at a lesser extent than Thpo-/- HSCs. HSCs that survive Thpo deficiency acquire quiescence in a dose-dependent manner through the modification of their metabolic state.